Best ways to carry water on a hike

Let’s face it: water is heavy. OK, so it’s not like mercury heavy (1 litre = 13.5 kg), but it’s still 1 litre = 1 kg.  One of the golden rules in keeping our backpack weight down is to minimise the amount of time that we need to carry a lot of water. Apart from walking during the day, when most of us tend to stick with bottles or hydration bladders, it’s overnight trips, when we need extra water to cook dinner and refill for the next day, that we need to nail the best ways to carry water for a hike.

Now chances are that unless you’re camping right beside a water source, like a creek or river, (Ah, sounds like a 5-star campsite!) you’ll need to carry water back to your campsite. Like the creek above, in a perfect world, this isn’t further than a couple of k’s. Given that it’s usually the end of the day when you’re tired that you collect this extra water, the shorter distance you’ll have to lug these extra kilos = the better!

Choose a route that takes you past places to fill up and treat (Credit: Jen Gilmore)

Choose your route wisely

Back when planning your trip, look for campsites (with achievable daily distances) that get you close to water. 

High camp bivvy – sunsets and rises are the rewards for carrying all the water up! Greater Blue Mountains, NSW. (Credit: Jon Bell)
Dreamy fly-only high camp. Deua NP, NSW.

The term, ‘dry camp or high camp’, doesn’t refer to the lack of happy hour (perish the thought!), but somewhere that means you’ll have to carry your water some distance. Not something for the experienced bushwalker to shy away from; we know that a high camp can often bring high rewards, like incredible sunsets and views forever, but we’ll need to plan wisely.

Methods for carrying water

There’s a bunch of different methods and containers you can use – some hard, some soft. Which way you go will depend on your personal choice, the capacity needed, budget, and perhaps even your style of packing. 

Choose lightweight bottles, not heavy thermos types (credit: Mark Clinton for Macpac)

Hard containers

This is water carrying 101 and where we all start. The humble bottle – dear god, don’t let it be glass or heavy thermos style! 

Options include:

  • Classic Nalgene (or lookalikes) bottles (Tip: go for a wide mouth which is much easier to fill in creeks and water tanks.)
  • Re-used 1.25L soft drink bottles
  • 1L Soda Stream bottles (these are tougher than a 1.25L and last for ages) – keep an eye on your OppShop!
  • That free plastic bike bottle you got from the gym or boring work conference you slept through

Soft containers

I love using soft solutions for their innate ability to shrink when there’s nothing inside and be stuffed down the inside of your pack, taking up no room at all! Options are:

  • Goon. For the love of this classic Aussie invention. There’s so much to love. If you’re not partial to drinking the goon beforehand (or the taste that stays with you like a hangover from Fruity Lexia), look for the 5L or 10L water casks at your supermarket. Drink, rinse, dry, repeat. If treated right these can last a lot longer than the Fruity Lexia hangover – I’ve had my current one for 3 years. (see this video for filling them – I just prise the tap plug off with my teeth). Price: The cost of a hangover or trip to ColesWorth – budget.
  • MSR Dromedary – the much-lauded solution for commercial guides and groups, these camels are like the 1000 denier, abrasion-resistant, food-grade polyurethane lined version of the goon. Not quite bomb-proof (but close), these workhorses (work camels?) come in 4L, 6L or 10L and can even handle freezing or boiling water. They come with a 3-in-1 cap so you can sip, pour or fill like a scene from the Sound of Music; and for the fries-with-that option, you can add on a hydration tube to take you into sipping heaven. Dreamy. Not cheap, but will last you years longer than that goon or Fruity Lexia hangover. Price: Grange Hermitage – Top of the range.
  • Sea to Summit Watercell X – sounds like a superhero, acts like one too. These 4L, 6L, 10L or 20L beasts use 400 denier nylon fabric wrapped around a TPU food-grade lining that is BPA and PVC free. Not only is the shell a bit lighter than the MSR offering, but it’s lighter on your wallet too. Price: Peppertree Shiraz – mid-range
  • Somewhere between the Goon and the Watercell X is the Sea to Summit Pack Tap Water Storage. Think a 2L, 4L, 6L or 10L Goon bladder wearing a removable, tough, abrasion-resistant nylon coat. Like the Dromedary’s, these can be hung from a tree for easy access. You can also buy replaceable bladders.
  • Hydration Bladders – So whilst you might have a standard 2L one on your back for drinking throughout the day, you can also grab an extra bladder or two to boost your supplies for dinner water. 
  • Collapsible Bottles – This style of container makes an appearance as wine carriers or in your kids lunchbox… hopefully not together.
The classic goon.
Hiking Gear to Make Life Easier - Foldable Lightweight backpacks
The gals on their way back from gathering their goon water for camp
Hiking Gear to make Life Easier
Take a cup with you to help fill up at water holes. Especially if the water is shallow or in a tricky spot.

The best of both worlds

Smart contingency planning is all about the shitty things that could happen on a bushwalk. Imagine you only carried one soft water-carrying option and you took a tumble, or put it down on a particularly sharp rock, dropped a full goon (instant tsunami) or you used it to shield yourself from an approaching zombie apocalyse. It’s a great idea to carry a hard water bottle, as well as a softie, just in case.

Allow space in your backpack

You know that feeling on a Friday night when, covered-in-sweat, you finally click the buckles shut on your backpack. You did it! You’re a freakin Tetris-ninja-Marie-Condo-maven. There’s not an inch to spare and you’re all set for everything you need for tomorrow, including the 2-3L onboard. Cue Act III at the waterhole, where you proudly show off your new superhero, the Watercell X to the ooo’s and ahhh’s of your mates, only to realise you have nowhere in, on or around your pack to now carry this extra 6 kg of water weight. If only you’d up-sized your pack… or downsized the Fruity Lexia for happy hour. 

Take a cup

Sometimes the water source you need to gather from is tricky to manoeuvre into your bottle or bag. It could be because of the access down beside it, the size of your bottle or if it’s running along shallow cascades or rocks. Always grab your cup with you, along with your soft/hard container to help out. For extra Macgyver points, you can try rigging your hydration hose as a siphon.

Take a collapsible backpack

Taking a micro-weight 18L Sea to Summit Ulta-Sil Day Pack will keep your hands free for that awkward scramble down and up the riverbank, whilst carrying the unwieldy package that water is – especially if it’s in a soft container. These scrunch-to-nothing packs are also handy for side-trips during the day when you just want to take your essentials to bag a peak or checkout a lookout for lunch.

Size does matter

Whilst grabbing the biggest 10L/10kg behemoth might sound like the kind of take-one-for-the-team-martyrdom-caper that you’re up for, think about how much better it might feel if every member of the party had the ability to carry an extra (say) 4L and spread the H2O love around.

Do fresh research before you head out to check the current state of watering holes, especially in hotter weather or after prolonged dry periods. (credit: Mark Clinton for Macpac)
Planning your walk includes planning for contingencies… like what to do if there’s no water where you expected it.

Water contingencies

Having the ability to carry extra water if you need to, especially for unplanned reasons (eg: empty water tanks at campsites or dry creeks where your mate told you there was water 5 years ago) is a great habit to get into. This is where having a softie option, tucked away in your pack, that you may or may not use, could (literally) be a life-saver.

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Writer, producer and content creator by trade, search and rescue volunteer by passion, Caro Ryan started to inspire, teach and encourage people to get into hiking and the outdoors safely.

It’s all about connecting people to wild places in meaningful ways, so they can look after themselves, their mates and these precious places we visit.

She teaches wilderness navigation, authored the book, ‘How to Navigate’ and hosts, ‘Rescued - an Outdoor Podcast for Hikers and Adventurers.

In the bottom of her pack you'll find coffee grounds, instant noodles past their used by date and an insatiable curiosity.

Bushwalking & Hiking Tips from an Unexpected Outdoors Chick

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